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Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

Color terms

  • Color theory and color wheel
  • Colors make up the color wheel [ul]
  • Primary color (primary color - primary color)
  • Secondary color
  • Tertiary color
  • RYB and RGB color codes
  • Color combination
    • Complementary
    • Monochromatic
    • Analogous color scheme
    • Triadic color scheme
    • Quad color scheme (Tetradic)
    • Hot and cold colors
    • Believe T, Shade and Tone
    • Properties of colors
    • [/ul]

      Color affects our mind a lot. It can change the way we feel about an object within seconds. In this article, we will learn with you useful terms to make mastering colors easier.

      Color theory and color wheel

      Have you ever wondered how designers can find the perfect color combination? Simple thanks Color theory (Color theory). Color theory is a practical combination of art and science, used to define

      Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Have you ever wondered how designers can find the perfect color combination?

      Wherever there is light, there is color. We often think that colors stand independently of each other. The color we often see alone is always influenced by the colors around us. Rather, it is the combination of the surrounding factors.

      Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Color theory uses color theory to determine which colors look good together.

      Color Wheel invented in 1666 by Isaac Newton. He mapped the color spectrum onto a circle, making it the most used color reference tool in design. The color wheel is the basis of color theory, because it shows the clearest relationships between colors.

      Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills One of the first color wheels

      The combined colors look very nice, giving the viewer a pleasant, balanced balance we call Color harmony. And the color wheel itself is the tool for designers to create harmony by using these color matching rules. Note, however, that the color wheel is only a color reference tool, not a color selection tool.

      There are two types of color wheel:

      • RYB color wheel (Red - Yellow - Blue, ie Red - Yellow - Blue): often used by artists in the field of painting.
      • RGB color wheel (Red - Green - Blue, ie Red - Green - Blue): Most used in displaying colors in cathode ray tubes, liquid crystal displays or plasma screens, such as machine monitors good computer.
      • Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills There are two types of color wheel: RYB and RGB

        Colors make up the color wheel

        There are 12 primary colors on the color wheelsdivided into three levels: primary color (primary color), tertiary color, tertiary color. Primary colors cannot be created by mixing other colors. Quadratic colors are the result of combining two primary colors. Tertiary colors are obtained by mixing the tertiary color range.

        Primary color (primary color - primary color)

        The RYB color wheel comes in three main colors includes Red, Yellow and Blue.

        RYB Red Yellow Yellow Blue
        • According to color theory, mixing three primary colors together in different ratios produces all the remaining colors. Still If you mix them well, the color will be black.
        • RGB color wheel the three main colors are Red, Green and Blue.

          RGB Red (Red) Green (Green) Blue (Blue)
          • According to color theory, mixing three primary colors together in different ratios produces all the remaining colors. Still if mixed well with the same ratio will give white (the light).
          • Secondary color

            Secondary color is the result of mixing two primary colors together.

            RYB color wheel There are three secondary colors including Purple, Orange and Green.

            Red (Red) + Yellow = Orange + Blue (Blue) = Green (Green) Blue (Blue) + Red (Red) = Purple

            RGB color wheel There are three secondary colors including Cyan, Magenta and Yellow.

            Red (Red) + Green = Yellow (Yellow) Green + Blue (Blue) = Blue (Cyan) Blue (Blue) + Red (Red) = Dark pink (Magenta)

            Tertiary color

            Tertiary color is the color created by combining the primary colors with a quadratic color.

            RYB color wheel There are six tertiary colors including:

            Red (Red) + Orange = Vermillion Orange + Yellow = Yellow (Amber) Yellow + Green = Green (Chartreuse) Green (Green) + Blue (Blue) = Blue (Teal) Blue (Blue) + Purple = Purple Blue (Purple) + Red (Red) = Purple Red (Magenta)

            RGB color wheel There are six tertiary colors including:

            Red (Red) + Yellow = Orange + Green = Green (Chartreuse) Green (Green) + Blue (Cyan) = Spring green Blue (Cyan) + Blue (Blue) = Blue (Azure) Blue (Blue) + Dark pink (Magenta) = Violet (Violet) Dark Pink (Magenta) + Red (Red) = Rose Rose

            RYB and RGB color codes

            12 main colors of RYB:

            RED
            # FE2712 R-O
            # FC600A ORANGE
            # FB9902 Y-O
            # FCCC1A YELLOW
            # FEFE33 Y-G
            # B2D732 GREEN
            # 66B032 B-G
            # 347C98 BLUE
            # 0247FE B-P
            # 4424D6 PURPLE
            # 8601AF R-P
            # C21460

            12 main colors of RGB:

            RED
            # FF0000
            (255,0,0)
            # FF8000
            (255,128,0) YELLOW
            # FFFF00
            (255,255,0)
            # 80FF00
            (128,255,0) GREEN
            # 00FF00
            (0.255.0)
            # 00FF80
            (0,255,128) CYAN
            # 00FFFF
            (0.255,255)
            # 0080FF
            (0,128,255) BLUE
            # 0000FF
            (0,0,255)
            # 8000FF
            (128,0,255) MAGENTA
            # FF00FF
            (255,0,255)
            # FF0080
            (255,0,128)

            Color combination

            Complementary

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            This is the most common color combination, using two colors that are opposite on the color wheel. These colors look beautiful naturally when together because they impact the viewer strongly due to the high contrast. Together, they will look brighter and more prominent. However, avoid using two colors in equal proportions, you should choose one color that stands out completely and the other one for smaller attached details to help reduce roughness.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Designs use contrasting colors

            Monochromatic

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            Monochrome color scheme That means you will take out a favorite color and use the variations tint, shade, tone (will be explained in below) to create works with subtle colors, full of different shades. , forming a monochromatic color band.

            The monochrome color scheme is both minimalistic and brings high value to the work. This color scheme is very convenient to the eyes and pleasing to the viewer, bringing high concentration, the viewer is not distracted but only focuses on the important content.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills The Qatar Airway application uses monochrome colors

            This is a flexible color combination, easy to apply for design projects to decorate homes, small apartments ... to help the space become brighter and more spacious. For large spaces, monochromatic increases the generosity of that space.

            Analogous color scheme

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            Similar colors is a group of usually three colors standing side by side in the color wheel (irrespective of hot - cold), standing close together, looking quite similar to create very courteous and attractive color schemes.

            Combining colors in a similar manner with more color diversity than monochromatic color schemes. However, if you leave the colors in equal proportions, they are easy to overpower each other, looking a bit confusing. The best way to balance it out is to choose one dominant color and use the rest as accents.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills The designs use similar colors

            Triadic color scheme

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            This color scheme uses three evenly spaced colors on the color wheel to create a high-contrast color gamut, but less so than a complementary color scheme. This combination produces bold, vibrant color bands.

            The three colors are located at three different angles on the color wheel so they combine and complement each other to create a balance for this color scheme. However, it is also because of this balance, even though up to three colors are used, sometimes you will still find this combination quite monotonous, safe and lack of creativity.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills The designs use a triple color scheme

            Quad color scheme (Tetradic)

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            This color scheme uses four colors evenly spaced on the color wheel. However, be careful not to use all four colors to the same degree as it will create chaos. The more colors in my palette, the more difficult it will be to balance.

            Quad color schemes work best when you choose one dominant color and use the rest as accents.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills The MoneyWise app uses a quartet color scheme

            Hot and cold colors

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills The color wheel is divided into hot and cold color zones

            The color wheel is divided into zones hot colour and cold color. Color schemes that use the color wheel often strike a balance between warm and cool colors. According to color psychology, color "temperature" evokes different feelings when looking at a design. Hot colors, for example, give viewers comfort and energy, while dark colors give a sense of calm and tranquility.

            The warm color ranges from Red to Yellow. Vibrant colors in this range, like sunlight, are used when trying to draw attention. The hot color has a powerful effect, affecting the space around it.

            Cool colors range from Green to Purple. These colors bring a cool, gentle mind.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills

            Tint, Shade and Tone

            Tint Color is the color created after adding white to the original color to increase the brightness of the color. Tint helps to reduce the "intensity" of the color, quite useful in color balance when mixing colors.

            Shade Color is the color created after adding black to the original color to reduce the brightness and increase the darkness of the color. Shade produces deeper and more varied colors. Shade to be dramatic and can overpower other colors.

            Tone is the color created after adding gray to lighten the original color. Tone is a more subtle version of the original color.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Difference between Tint, Shade and Tone

            Properties of colors

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Tubik Studio's Calendar application uses beautiful tones and saturation for its design

            Hue - Color tone

            Hue is a combination of 12 different colors on the color wheel. Hue is the element used to transform into Tint, Shade, Tone mentioned above by adding black, white, and gray colors to the original tones.

            Saturation - Saturation

            Saturation is not created when you mix Hue with other colors but simply how the colors are displayed under different lighting conditions. Saturation helps to describe dark or light colors with different intensities of light. This value is also known as color intensity.

            Luminance - Brightness

            Luminance is the lightness or darkness of a certain color, which changes the lightness and darkness of colors by dragging their Luminance to the right or left.

            Color theory, color wheel and color matching skills Hue, Saturation and Luminance with colors

            Color is the quintessence of humanity. Learn how to use color effectively in work and in life, the results will really make you satisfied.