Film photos have a special quality that is difficult to describe with words. There is no doubt that photos taken with film give a different visual effect from existing photos on social media.
Today's article will show you how to reproduce the quality of a film photo on a digital photo using Photoshop tools.!
Create photographic effects for digital photos
- What is the quality of film photos?
- Combine the quality of film photos with digital photos [ul]
- Step 1: Adjust the Curves
- Step 2: Adjust the light and dark tones
- Step 3: Adjust the Hue and Saturation
- Step 4: Noise and Light Leak (optional)
What is the quality of film photos?
Film photo quality is an effect a lot of people are interested in in image editing. Different image qualities - such as shadows, saturation, color band and white balance - will "react" differently on film, creating different effects on the same portrait or style. scene.
This "reaction" with random lights and effects Film grain (film microscopic particles) are involved in the process, creating a unique and impressive overall aesthetic of film photography. These are things often recreated by photo editors to create impressive photos.
But that does not conclude whether the overall aesthetic quality of film photos is good or worse than digital photos, nor does post-editing can result in overall quality images. like when taking pictures with film. It is simply a quality that one would expect to achieve after digital photography.
Film effects are replicated with digital images using color correction and film-style texture overlay. Since digital images often cannot reproduce the color scheme and shades contained in film, the image data is edited to naturally simulate the contrast and depth of color film.
Combine the quality of film photos with digital photos
The following method of creating film photographic effects provides control over many aspects. This method will allow you to "invest" as little or as much time as possible to get the exact color quality you want. Today's example adjusts to the following image, captured with a Nikon D3200 digital DSLR camera.
Step 1: Adjust the Curves
The first step in reproducing film photographic quality is to adjust the contrast of the black and white areas in the image. Film pictures often brighten black parts and darken white parts of an image, creating a blurred, gray look to the image.
To do this, we will use a tool Curves. First, however, right click on the layer and select Convert to Smart Object. This option will allow to modify and control any effects set on the image after they have been applied. Then open the window Curves in section Image, then choose Adjustments, then come Curves.
When the dashboard Curves Open, click on the points where the squares on the chart intersect in a straight line. This step will create the buttons above Curve and then you can work on it.
Then drag the bottom left button up and the top right button a little down, lower the contrast of the shadows (shadows) and highlights (highlights). Then try to create an S-shaped curve by lowering the second node below and slightly increasing the second node above. The color tone of the picture will be adjusted.
Now you will see that the image quality is almost immediately the same as taken with film.
Spend a lot of time adjusting this curve, making sure not to alter the image too much to achieve a natural effect. Contrast that is too large will backfire.
Step 2: Adjust the light and dark tones
The second step is to make specific colors stand out in the image. To achieve this, add special tones to the shadow, midtone, highlight areas in the image. Please go to Image> Adjustments> Color Balance.
There are 3 tone balance options and three sets of colors to apply. The most effective way to use this tool depends on the image you are editing. For example, the image above looks too yellow and does not display as much red as expected.
Blue will be added Shadows, cyan for Midtones and red for Highlights to balance blue in the background and red in foreground.
Step 3: Adjust the Hue and Saturation
Next, let's make adjustments Hue (color) and Saturation (saturation) of the image. The excellence of film photo quality sometimes corresponds to the way certain films reproduce certain colors. For example, some films can over-saturate certain colors, giving them a slight pop (highlight) effect. Other films may add a hint of orange for red, or a hint of green for blue. This is an important part, making the colors of the photos taken with film attractive.
Go to section Image, then choose Adjustments, then next is Hue / Saturation. In the following window, click the drop-down menu labeled Master and choose color. From the options below, change the values Hue, Saturation or Lightness by dragging left or right.
Hue will change the color value, Saturation adds or less vibrancy to the color, and Lightness will lighten or darken the color. When changing these values, pay particular attention to the color range below. This range of colors will show how the particular color spectrum changes in the image as values change.
The example only slightly reduces the saturation of the blue color, increases the saturation for the red color in the image, and doesn't change any other values.
Step 4: Noise and Light Leak (optional)
This last part is optional, as the above adjustments have largely accomplished the effect of film photographic effects. However, this section helps to deal with some of the imperfections that are commonly associated with film photography.
First, add some noise to the image. While the default noise in Photoshop does not reproduce the grain especially produced when photographing with film, it gives a bit of a feel for the classic Film grain effect. Go Filter> Noise> Add Noise. In the window Noise, Please note a few options. Uniform will usually provide a more subtle noise rendering Gaussian.
Make sure the value is low so as not to overdo the effect. Check it Monochromatic to create black and white noise instead of RGB. Next we'll add a Light Leak overlay to the image. Light Leak is a visual side effect of film cameras and is often reproduced with photo filters.
Light Leak causes unwanted light to "leak" onto the film. Since film is very sensitive to light, film integrates a unique color palette into an image. Here is an example of the Light Leak overlay:
These overlay, usually consisting of colored stripes or gradients, will impose a subtle color shift to the image. To apply, add an overlay and place it on top in the panel Layers. Change the layer type to Screen and lower Opacity of this layer down. Change these parameters until the desired effect is achieved.
This is the final product.
The above techniques will give a classic and dramatic aesthetic feel to any digital photo you can find or take yourself. Remember that the quality of the effect will be proportional to the amount of time you spend adjusting the individual values.
Hope you are succesful!