Network Administration - In the following tutorial article, we will detail the steps taken to migrate Windows Small Business Server - SBS 2003 to 2011 operating system.To get started, you need to prepare a few things as follows:
- Windows Small Business Server 2003 (SBS 2003)
- Windows Small Business Server 2011
- Microsoft Baseline Configuration Analyzer - downloaded from here.
And below are the specific steps.
1. Test the entire SBS 2003 system:
This is an important step to take first, which is to check the current status of the Small Business Server system as well as back up important pieces of data. To do this, make sure System State is selected in the list of components to back up. And then there are the latest updates for SBS 2003, namely:
- Windows 2003 Service Pack 2 - check again by right clicking My Computer> Properties
- Windows Small Business Server Service Pack 1 - Check by opening the Registry and locate the key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft \ SmallBusinessServer \ ServicePackNumber
with the value in parentheses 1.
- Microsoft Exchange 2003 Service Pack 2 - checked by Exchange System Manager.
After all the above requirements are met, use Windows Update to begin the update process. Go ahead and check these updates until it's done:
In Windows XP, you open Start> All Programs> Windows Update
With Windows 7, you choose Start> All Programs> Windows Update
And then, if you want to check Active Directory then we will use the command DCDIAG. On the other hand, there is a frequent problem that causes this process to fail, which is because the SBS 2003 server system does not have an IP address in the DNS list in the TCP / IP section.
2. Setting up SBS 2003:
Before proceeding to the next steps, we need to reconfigure the NIC's parameters and remove the ISA server (if used) - in the section. Control Panel> Add / Remove programs or Programs and Features.
In addition, we also need a router device that matches the type of Internet connection we are using - NAT support and IP address match with the NIC on the server. After completing this process, turn off the functionality of the 2nd NIC and reconnect using Internet Wizard to make sure that SBS 2003 has been set up correctly. Your best bet is to reboot the system to take advantage of the change.
3. Use the Migration Preparation tool on SBS 2003 and create the Answerfile file:
Before we can proceed, we need to download and install the assistant Microsoft Baseline Configuration Analyzer. Then, start by inserting the SBS2011 DVD on the server machine, the autoplay menu displays as shown below:
Here, you select Install the Migration Preparation Tool, the next screen displays some information required to install and upgrade components in the system. We recommend that you do not update at this step unless your system is experiencing problems:
Once selected, you will need to confirm that you have a full SBS system backup:
Check the box I have a backup ... and click next
The next process is to prepare the necessary ingredients for Exchangeand Active Directoryof the new SBS 2011 server system. We will see the following screen at this step:
When the process is finished, you press next. next step of Migration Wizard will use the analysis tools that have been installed before for a final review, to detect the smallest possible causes of risk during the entire integration process in the future:
This entire step will take a few minutes. If the result looks like the image below, it means our entire system is completely guaranteed:
Press next, the system will notify us that the source part has been prepared, and choose to see the steps:
The second option is to create an answer file, which is quite necessary for all future migration to a higher platform - SBS 2011, so please choose and set the correct one as shown below. The reason when we choose to create the answer file above is because the system will ask the user to declare some information in the next installation step, which can be considered as a second check before actually proceeding. . And an important point here is that you should not perform any update operations:
For now, you should save this answer file based on the available options. Then, copy this file to the USB and plug it into the new server with the SBS2011 DVD installation disc. The following screen is displayed as the first part to choose from when we install a new one:
Select the appropriate options and click next, then Install:
news Board License Agreement (picture below) display, check the box I accept ... and nextto continue:
next is the screen showing the hard drive device to install, if at this step you do not see anything, use the option. Load Driver:
Continue, press nextand a screen similar to the one below should be displayed, which means the installation is in progress:
After that, the system will automatically reboot once, next we will choose Server Migration and continue:
Adjust the system date and time to match and next:
The system will ask you to confirm the IP addresses of the system and the server, check carefully at this step, then click next:
And continue with some confirmation information, old server name, domain and admin account ...:
Click next, and we will see an update request screen from the system side, select the section Do not get ... and next:
Below are detailed information about the company, business or organization that uses the system, which will be displayed in the section below. Companyweb / Remote Web Workplace:
Click next after completing the information
When the next screen appears as shown below, the installation of SBS 2011 components is in progress, it usually takes about 30-45 minutes:
The system will reboot 1 time in the process
When we see a screen like the one below, it means that the basic installation is complete:
4. Create admin account:
When you first log into the SBS 2011 system after the installation is completed, you will see the following screen:
There are many similarities with SBS 2008
Also quite similar to SBS 2008, most of the tasks must be done by the admin account, otherwise we will get the same error after using. Migration Wizard:
Therefore, the first step to take is to create the corresponding account. In the SBS Console control panel, choose Users and Groups:
Here, if you do not have any accounts, do not worry, because this is very normal. We cannot see the accounts in the system until this integration is finished. In the right window, you choose Add a new user account:
Fill out specific information for this new account, the most important point at this step is selection User Role - Network Administrator. Press nextTo continue, then create a password for this account, finally click the button Add User Account:
The next process will take about 5-7 minutes:
next step, we can combine the computer with the newly created account or other computers in the same system, for the account Administrative User really not necessary. On the main monitor screen SBS Console, select the section Home> Migrate to Windows SBS to continue:
Here, we'll see a pretty good list of things to get done:
The first is to set the data's location Exchange, Sharepoint, Shared Folders, Redirected My Documents, and Windows Software Update Services. Note that if you are not using a 2nd storage device (for example, in case there are 2 hard drives) you do not need to do this step, otherwise you will see an error message similar to the one below:
When this is the case, you choose Task Complete and press next:
To continue with the above sections, you just need to click on the corresponding link in turn:
next is the process of checking the configuration method, followed by the partitions, hard drives and data file sizes to move:
When finished, the system will continue to display the selection of the transfer destination. Because we have not set up the backup method before, it will display an error at this step, click OK to continue:
Select the storage device again and press the button Move. When the process is completed, we will see the screen shown below, press finishand transitions to the next component:
6. Network setup:
In the next section, we will move on to step Configure the Network- Configure network parameters to connect to Internet:
At this screen, you select the link Start the Connect to the Internet Wizard
And continue to follow some instructions:
You should be careful when declaring this information, click nextto continue. Then, a few configuration parameters check takes place, checking other devices in the system or what DHCP services are running:
The process will not continue if any DHCP services are detected, so if you want to use this service you must temporarily disable DHCP first:
When deactivating the DHCP service, the wizard process changes slightly and shows what it looks like on the current system:
Check out the accuracy of this information and click nextWhen you see the following screen, it means that the network is fully set up:
7. Set the IP address:
The third stage in this integration is Configure the Internet Address, for configuring an external domain for use with SBS 2011 server systems:
Choose a path Start the Internet Address Wizard and continue to follow the available steps:
In the remainder of the article, we assume that the domain is in place, and use the control tool from the ISP to manage the External DNS. Click Next to continue with the configuration steps. On the next screen, check the box I already have a domain name that I want to use and press Next:
Continue to choose I want to manage the domain name myself and Next:
In the next screen, you enter the information of the external domain to be used later, and this is also the domain name used in the path of Remote Web Workplace, Outlook Web App, ActiveSync ... and create the following email addresses:
Path Advanced Settings will allow us to reset the name value displayed in the SSL validation mechanism from the domain section remote.domainname.com to other ingredients. In case you have mail.domainname.com or owa.domainname.com Has already been set up, this is the step to enter specific information. After completing this step, you press the button Configureand change a few specifications again if desired. Our system will display the screen like this:
8. Exchange integration:
Following are the steps required to migrate and integrate Exchange mailboxes and Public folders into the system:
To do this, we need to do some research Exchange Management Console. Press Start> All Programs> Microsoft Exchange Server 2010> Exchange Management Console. When the control tool is started, you open the section Recipient Configuration> Mailbox, and here we will see all mailbox components fully listed:
Besides, we can select multiple mailboxes by holding down SHIFT or CTRL. After selecting all the mailbox items that need to be moved, you use the option New Local Move Request on the dashboard Action Pane right hand side:
At the next screen, press the button Browseto choose the folder Mailbox Store on the latest, latest SBS 2011 server Nextto continue:
Next, keep the defaults, if there is a case where the mailbox cannot be moved because of an error, then we should change some of the values and specifications here so that the system will ignore the The component encountered an error and completed the whole process:
The screenshot above is our general information in this test, you press the button Newto initiate the mailbox transfer. And when done, the system will display the following screen:
If you choose to move multiple mailbox items, just repeat the above steps, the next step is to integrate Public Folders. To do this process, complete the following steps on the SBS 2003 Server system:
- Open Start> All Programs> Microsoft Exchange Server> System Manager
- Go to section Administrative Groups> First Administrative Group> Servers> Servername> First Storage Group
- Right click on the item Public Folder Store and choose Move All ReplicasHere you will see only one option in the Exchange 2010 server list. Click OK here.
Once the transfer to the SBS 2011 server system is complete, exit the setup Exchange Settings.
9. Delete Legacy Group Policies and Logon Settings:
The next step we need to take is to delete the settings Legacy Group Policies and Logon Configurations not compatible with SBS 2011 systems. The recommended approach here is that any logon scripts that are in use will be routed to Group Policies. Besides, please refer to more information here:
Delete the logon script for Windows SBS integration: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc527605(WS.10).aspx
Delete Active Directory Group Policy objects during Windows SBS 2008 migration: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc527585(WS.10).aspx
10. Incorporate data shared by user accounts:
The basic steps to do this, please refer to the following article here. After we have successfully set up the system with the setup, configuration and backup plan for SBS 2003 system, 2011 server will restore all the data of the accounts and associated permissions. .
11. Fax data integration:
Currently, there is no fax function in SBS2011 system, but if you have used or have fax data stored on SBS 2003 server then we still have to do this step:
Choose a path Click to start Migrating your fax data - the data migration to the new server system will begin. At this step, if the system checks and checks that there is not any fax service available on the SBS2003 server, the error will be displayed as shown below:
This is not really a serious problem, we can easily ignore it and consider the process complete.
12. Combining User and Group accounts:
As part of the process of importing the SBS 2011 server to the domain containing SBS 2003 and creating a Domain Controller based on Active Directory along with user and group accounts. However, these elements do not show up in the SBS Console list, which is understandable as we have not finished the process. To continue, please select the path Run the change user role wizard as shown below:
In the displayed list, choose the level of authorization you want to assign to the user account:
In the next screen displayed, check the box Display all user accounts in the Active Directory as shown below to show all accounts. Select the ingredients to be processed and press the button Addto move to the right hand pane:
Then, press the button Change user role, and the system will display the result screen as shown below:
13. Uninstall Exchange 2003 from Small Business Server 2003 system:
Hopefully you have completed the above steps without encountering any problems that are too complicated, otherwise it will take a long time for all computers in the network to automatically update. the settings in Exchange server Otherwise, if you removed Exchange 2003 from the Small Business Server then this won't happen, then the client system will have to change it manually.
To do this we will need the Small Business Server 2003 CD 2 installation disc - which was requested during the removal. If you use Recipient Policies (which are actually Manage Mailbox policies), then you will have to delete these components first. Likewise, if you use Recipient Policies for both email address definition, initialization and mailbox management categories, then the definitions are set for Mailbox Manager Settings will be deleted. However, it is not necessary to delete the policy entries for the email address.
In fact, Recipient Update Service is not used in Exchange 2010 and as such is not required by our process. To do this, we have to use ADSI Edit, by:
- Open Start> Run> MMC> Click OK.
- Choose Next File> Add / Remove Snap-in.
- Choose Add> ADSI Edit> Add, close and click OK.
- Right click on the item ADSI Edit> Connect to, from the menu shown below the section Select a well known Naming Contextwe choose Configurationand press OK.
- Continue to choose Configuration> Services> Microsoft Exchange> Organization Name> Address List Container> Recipient Update Services.
- Right click on the section Recipient Update Service (Enterprise Configuration)> Delete.
Note that we just need to delete the ingredients inside Recipient Update Service. And the last step in the Exchange Server 2003 removal process is to delete the routing connection group created during the installation, for example, as shown below:
Ingredients are indicated by red arrows
Now that the preparatory steps are complete, we are ready to remove Exchange 2003 from the system. You guys open Start> Control Panel> Add or Remove Programs, choose the part Windows Small Business Server 2003 and press Change / Remove. In the Welcome screen displayed next, press NextAnd follow the instructions:
14. Test the transition of the 5 FSMO roles to SBS2011:
All five FSMO roles will be migrated to the SBS 2011 system, as part of the installation process. However, to perform this process, you must complete all of the steps above, as well as the Small Business Server system must contain all 5 FSMO roles.
Then, you perform the following actions on a Windows 2008 server system:
- Choose the part Start> Administrative Tools> Active Directory Users and Computers.
- Right-click on domain name and select Operations Masters.
- At the next display, on each working tab (RID, PDC and Infrastructure), Press the button Change.
- Click Next Acceptwhen the system asks you to accept the migration.
This is when 3 out of 5 roles are moved, to find the Domain Naming Master we need to do the following:
- Press Start> Administrative Tools> Active Directory Domains and Trusts.
- Right click on the element Active Directory Domains and Trusts and choose Operations Master.
- Press the button Changeagain and Yesscreen displayed next.
Now we have only 1 ingredient left to proceed. To move the Schema Master role, follow the instructions:
- Press Start> Run and type regsvr32 schmmgmt.dll
- Press OKTo confirm
- Click Next Start> Run, type MMC and OK
- Choose the part File> Add / Remove Snap-in in the control window.
- In the list displayed, you choose Active Directory Schema and press Add.
- Click Next Closeand OK.
- Right click on the section Active Directory Schema and Change Active Directory Domain Controller.
- Choose Next Windows 2008 Server in the list and click OK.
Click OK in the dialog box that appears next.
- Continue, right click on the section Active Directory Schema and Operations Master.
- Press the button Changeand Yesin the dialog box shown later.
This is the whole process of moving the FSMO role from the system Small Business 2003 Server.
15. DCPROMO SBS 2003 server system:
This is the last step in our whole process, in order to ensure the stability of the system in the future, we should double check that the systems SBS 2003 and SBS 2011 are both configured for use. SBS 2011 server for DNS in TCP / IP properties of the NIC. The only DNS component will be the IP address of the SBS 2011 server.
First, we need to make sure that the SBS 2003 system is no longer on Global Catalog Server. Press Start> Administrative Tools> Active Directory Sites and Services, choose next Small Business Server, right-click on settings NTDSbelow the item Small Business Server and choose Properties, uncheck the box Global Catalog and press OK. Then, close the item Active Directory Sites and snap - in's Services.
The final step is to run DCPROMO:
- Open Start> Run, type DCPROMOand press OK.
- Press Nextat the screen Welcomenext.
- Note that the box is unchecked This server is the last domain controller in the domain and click Next.
- Create a new administrator password for the Administrator account and click Next.
The server system will then be deleted Active Directory Services from the SBS 2003 server, and therefore no longer is Domain Controller again. When the process is complete, let's reboot the entire system again to complete the migration. Good luck!